The People’s Bank of China


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About The People’s Bank of China

The People’s Bank of China (PBC) was established on December 1, 1948 based on the consolidation of the Huabei Bank, the Beihai Bank and the Xibei Farmer Bank. In September 1983, the State Council decided to have the PBC function as a central bank. The Law of the People’s Republic of China on the People’s Bank of China adopted on March 18, 1995 by the 3rd Plenum of the 8th National People’s Congress has since legally confirmed the PBC’s central bank status.

With the improvement of the socialist market economic system, the PBC, as a central bank, will play an even more important role in China’s macroeconomic management. The amended Law of the People’s Republic of China on the People’s Bank of China, adopted by the 6th meeting of the Standing Committee of the 10th National People’s Congress on December 27, 2003, provides that the PBC performs the following major functions:

(1) Drafting and enforcing relevant laws, rules and regulations that are related to fulfilling its functions;

(2) Formulating and implementing monetary policy in accordance with law;

(3) Issuing the Renminbi and administering its circulation;

(4) Regulating financial markets, including the inter-bank lending market, the inter-bank bond market, foreign exchange market and gold market;… Continue reading about The People’s Bank of China here.


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